NLP Glossary D-F


This sense includes feelings, and sensations.

Lateral Thinking:

Lateral thinking will be the process of chunking up and then looking for other examples: For example “for what intentions cars?”, “transportation”, “what are other examples of transportation?” “Buses!”

Law of Requisite Variety:

The Law of Requisite Variety states that “In a given physical system, that part of the system with the greatest flexibility of behaviour will control the system.”

Lead System:

This is where we go to access information. The Lead System is discovered by watching Eye Accessing Cues.

Limiting Belief:

Limiting beliefs can prevent us from achieving what we want out of life. By believing them we limit the opportunities presented to us.

People hold beliefs about rights, duties, abilities, permissions etc. Limiting beliefs are often about ourselves and our self-identity. Other beliefs may also be about other people or the world in general.

Limiting Decision:

A Limiting Decision in NLP is the decision that preceded the creation of a Limiting Belief.

Logical Level:

The level of specificity or abstraction. (E.G.: Money is a lower logical level than Prosperity.)

Logical Type:

The category of information. (E.G.: Ducks are a different logical type from Cars.)

Lost Performative:

Lost Performative in NLP is where in language, a statement is uttered without qualifying the source, the logic of=r the reality of the premise.

Mapping Across:

Following Contrastive Analysis, Mapping Across is the Sub Modality process of actually changing the set of Sub Modalities of a certain Internal Representation to change its meaning. E.G.: Mapping the Sub Modalities of Ice Cream (which the client likes) over to those of Yogurt (which the client does not like) should cause the client to dislike Ice Cream.


Deliberately imitating portions of another’s behaviour for the purpose of increasing rapport. (E.G.: If we both raise our right hand, then I am matching you.)

Meaning Frame:

(Sometimes called a Content Reframe) Giving another meaning to a statement by recovering more content, which changes the focus, You could ask yourself, “What else could this mean?” or “What is something you had not noticed in this context which will change the meaning of this?”

Meta Model:

Meta Model means “Over” Model. A model of language, derived from Virginia Satir that allows us to recognise deletions, generalizations and distortions in our language, and gives us questions to clarify imprecise language.

Meta Programs:

These are unconscious, content-free programs we run which filter our experiences. Toward & Away From, and Matching & Mismatching are examples of Meta Programs.


A story (analogy or figure of speech) told with a purpose, which allows us to bypass the conscious resistance of the client and to have the client make connections at a deeper level.

Milton Model:

The Milton Model has the opposite intent of the Meta Model (Trance), and is derived from the language patterns of Milton Erickson. The Milton Model is a series of abstract language patterns which are ambiguous so as to match our client’s experience and assist her in accessing unconscious resources.

Mind Read:

Mind read in NLP is claiming to know someone else’s thoughts without having enough information to be accurate


Matching portions of another person’s behaviour, as in a mirror. (E.G.: If you raise your right hand, and I raise my left, then I am mirroring you.)


This generally relates to contradictory behaviour or words, and is one of the Meta Programs.


This generally relates to contradictory behaviour or words, and is one of the Meta Programs.

Modal Operator:

Modal Operator of Necessity relates to words, which form the rules in our lives (should, must, have to, etc.). Modal Operator of Possibility relates to words that denote that which is considered possible (can, cannot, etc.).


In NLP, a Model is a description of a concept or a behaviour, which includes the Strategies, Filter Patterns and Physiology so as to be able to be adopted easily.


Modelling is the process by which all of NLP was created. In Modelling we elicit the Strategies, Filter Patterns (Beliefs and Values) and Physiology that allow someone to produce certain behaviour. Then we codify these in a series of steps designed to make the behaviour easy to reproduce.

Model of the World:

A person’s values, beliefs and attitudes that relate to and create his or her own world.