NLP Glossary D-F

Deep Structure:

The unconscious basis for the surface structure of a statement. Much of the deep structure is out of awareness.


One of the three major processes (including distortion and generalisation) on which the Meta Model is based. Deletion occurs when we leave out a portion of our experience.


(As opposed to Analogue) Digital distinctions have distinct variations of meaning as in a Digital watch, or an “On/Off” switch.


It deals with your relationship to an experience. In a memory, for example, you are dissociated when you are not looking through your own eyes, and you see your body in the picture.


One of the three major processes (including deletion and generalisation) on which the Meta Model is based. Distortion occurs when something is mistaken for that which it is not. In India there is a metaphor which explains this: A man sees a piece of rope in the road and thinks it is a dangerous snake, so he warns the village, but there is no snake.

Double Binds:

Double Binds in NLP are Questions that give a client a “free choice” among two or more comparable alternatives. They are based on the notion of multilevel communication.


Down time occurs whenever we go inside. It can occur when we go internal for a piece of information or when we get in touch with feelings. (See Up Time.)


In Sub Modalities, drivers are the difference that makes the difference. Discovered through the process of Contrastive Analysis, Drivers are the critical Sub Modalities, and when changed tend to carry the other Sub Modalities with them.


In NLP, Ecology is the study of consequences. We are interested in the results of any change that occurs. It is often useful to look at the ecology in making any change as to the consequences for self, family (or business), society and planet.

Embedded Command:

An Embedded Command in NLP a command that is inside a longer sentence marked out by voice, tone or gesture.

Embedded Question:

An Embedded Question in NLP is a question that is inside a longer sentence marked out by voice tone or gesture.


Inducing a state in a client, or gathering information by asking questions or observing the client’s behaviour.


The study of knowledge or how we know what we know.

Eye Accessing Cues:

Movements of the eyes in certain directions which indicate visual, auditory or kinaesthetic thinking.

Eye Patterns:

Eye patterns (also called eye accessing cues) in NLP Are Movements of the eyes in certain directions that indicate visual, auditory, self-talk or kinaesthetic thinking.

4 Mat System:

The basic premise of the 4-Mat system is that we all have different learning styles. Some people are motivated by Why? questions. They want to know why they are listening to this talk. Others by What? questions; they want information…and probably lots of it! The How? people want to get on and do an exercise, get their hands on it and try it. Then there are the What if? people who want to know how this material applies to their life, workplace or environment.


Feedback in NLP is the results of your being able to reflect on your last actions to influence your next step.

First Postion:

This is one of the Perceptual Positions. First Position is when you are in touch with only your own inner Model of the World.


Fractonization in NLP is repeating the induction of trance which deepens trance, incrementally every time someone accesses the same procedure. You can accentuate this by mentioning that the client can deepen every time they access the state.


A frame sets a context, which is a way we can make a distinction about something, as in As-If Frame, Backtrack Frame, Outcome Frame.

Future Pace:

Mentally rehearsing a future result to install a recovery strategy so that the desired outcome occurs.